jorge morales

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences
Johns Hopkins University
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore, MD 21218 USA
jorge.morales@jhu.edu

research

philosophy:

  Specialization: Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Psychology & Neuroscience
  Competence: Philosophy of Science, Logic

psychology & neuroscience:

  Perception, Attention, Metacognition, Consciousness


academic appointments

2019–2021 Provost's Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Johns Hopkins University

2018–present Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Psychological and Brain Sciences Department. Chaz Firestone's Perception & Mind Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University


education

2018 Ph.D., Philosophy, Columbia University

   Committee: John Morrison (chair), Christopher Peacocke, Elliot Paul, Wayne Wu & Hakwan Lau

   Dissertation: The Strength of the Mind: Essays on Consciousness and Introspection

2010 M.A. (with honors), Philosophy, UNAM

2006 B.A. (with honors), Philosophy, Universidad Panamericana


visiting positions and other affiliations

2014-2015 Visiting Academic, Center for Neural Science, NYU. Sponsor: Steve Fleming

2011-2018 Affiliate, Hakwan Lau's Consciousness & Metacognition Lab. Columbia University (2011-2014) & UCLA (2014-2018)

2009 Visiting Student (spring), Department of History & Philosophy of Science / Center for the Integrative Study of Animal Behavior, Indiana University, Bloomington. Sponsor: Colin Allen

2008-2010 Associate Student, Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, UNAM


grants

2018 Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy (SSNaP), $30,000. Duke University: Philosophy Department & Institute for Brain Sciences. "The Functions of Consciousness: On the Initiation of Action" (co-PI with Megan Peters, Brian Maniscalco, Brian Odegaard)

2015 Department of Philosophy, Columbia University. Funding for hosting $2,300 the 8th Annual Conference of the American Association of Mexican Philosophers

awards

2019 Best Poster Prize, Society for Philosophy and Psychology Annual Meeting

2017 Travel Award for the Logic and Cognitive Science Initiative Conference on Higher-Order Cognition, North Carolina State University, NC

2014 David H. Siff Philosophy of Science Essay Award, Columbia University

2011 Philosophy Master's Thesis National Award, Mexican Association of Philosophy

2009 National Essay Prize "Reading Science for Everyone," Fondo de Cultura Económica Publishers (Biology category)

2007 Philosophy Undergraduate Thesis National Award · Mexican Association of Philosophy (runner-up)


fellowships

2019-2021 Johns Hopkins University Provost's Postdoctoral Fellowship
(NIH-level salary + $7,000 funds per annum for research and professional development)

2016-2018 John Kluge Fellowship, Columbia Undergraduate Scholars Program

2011-2015 Doctoral Fellowship, CONACYT

2010-2016 Doctoral Fellowship, Columbia University

2009 Fellowship for studying one semester abroad, UNAM/CONACYT

2008 Summer Research Fellowship, Mexican Academy of Sciences

2007-2009 M.A. Fellowship, UNAM/CONACYT

2002-2006 Undergraduate Scholarship, Universidad Panamericana


publications

preprints

  1. Maniscalco, B., Graham Castaneda, O., Odegaard, B., Morales, J., Rajananda, S. & Peters, M. (2020) The Metaperceptual Function: Exploring Dissociations Between Confidence and Task Performance with Type 2 Psychometric Curves. PsyArXiv. doi:10.31234/osf.io/5qrjn
  2. Morales, J., Odegaard, B. & Maniscalco, B. (2019) The Neural Substrates of Conscious Perception without Performance Confound. PsyArXiv. doi:10.31234/osf.io/8zhy3

    Forthcoming as a book chapter in Felipe De Brigard & Walter Sinnott- Armstrong (Eds.) Anthology in Neuroscience and Philosophy. MIT Press.

articles

  1. Morales, J., Bax, A. & Firestone, C. (2020) Sustained Representation of Perspectival Shape. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117 (26): 14873-14882.
  2. Phillips, Ian & Morales, J. (2020) The Fundamental Problem with No-Cognition Paradigms. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 24(3): 165-167.

    This is a response to a paper by Ned Block. You can find Ned's original article here and his response to us, "Finessing the bored monkey problem," here.
  3. Michel, M. & Morales, J. (2019) Minority Reports: Consciousness and the Prefrontal Cortex. Mind & Language (online first): 1-21.

    This paper was featured in the Brains Blog's Mind & Language Symposium on December 2019 with commentaries by Liz Irvine, Benji Kozuch, and Michael Pitts & Kevin Ortego, and our response.
  4. Morales, J., Lau, H., & Fleming, S. (2018) Domain-general and Domain-specific Patterns of Activity Support Metacognition in Human Prefrontal Cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 38(14): 3534-3546.
  5. Morales, J., Mouradi Y., Sergent C., Block N., Taschereau-Dumouchel, V., Rosenthal, D., Grimaldi, P. & Lau, H. (2017) Measuring Away an Attentional Confound?Neuroscience of Consciousness, 3(1): 1-3.
  6. Morales, J., Chiang, J., & Lau, H. (2015) Controlling for Performance Capacity Confounds in Neuroimaging Studies of Conscious Awareness.Neuroscience of Consciousness, 1(1): 1-11.
  7. Morales, J., Solovey, G., Maniscalco, B., Rahnev, D., de Lange, F. P., & Lau, H. (2015) Low Attention Impairs Optimal Incorporation of Prior Knowledge in Perceptual Decisions. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 77(6): 2021–2036.

book chapters

  1. Morales, J. & Lau, H. (2020) The Neural Correlates of Consciousness. In U. Kriegel (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 233-260.

reviews

  1. Morales, J. (2013). Review of Consciousness and Introspection, D. Smithies & D. Stoljar (Eds.), New York, Oxford University Press, 2012. Metapsychology, 17(9).

work in progress / under review

philosophy of perception

philosophy of mind

philosophy of neuroscience

psychology


invited colloquia

2020 January Washington U. in St Louis Philosophy Department

2020 January Carnegie Mellon University Philosophy Department

2020 January Johns Hopkins University Foundations of Mind Group

2018 November Sacred Heart University Philosophy Department Colloquium

2018 November Sacred Heart University Critical Thinking Speaker Series

2018 May NYU Consciousness Group

2018 March Johns Hopkins University Vision Science Seminar

2017 February University College London Metacog Lab Meeting

2016 February Universidad Panamericana Philosophy Department Colloquium

2015 April CUNY, City College Philosophy Club

2014 April CUNY, Graduate Center Cognitive Science Speaker Series

2014 March Universidad de Córdoba Philosophy Department Colloquium

2013 August UNAM Associate Students' Seminar

2013 August U. Autónoma Metropolitana Perceptual Experience Group


invited conference & workshop talks

2020 September Mind in Moab Workshop, Moab, Utah [postponed due to COVID-19]

2020 August Summer Mind Workshop, Columbia University, New York [postponed due to COVID-19]

2019 July A Signal Detection Theoretical Framework for Introspection. Plenary Symposium, 23rd Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, Western Ontario University, London, Canada

2019 June Does the World Look Flat? Sustained Representation of Perspectival Shapes. Predictive Vision Philosophy Workshop, York University, Toronto, Canada

2017 November Domain-specific Patterns of Activity Support Metacognition in Prefrontal Cortex. Interdisciplinary Metacognition & Uncertainty Workshop, CUNY, Graduate Center, New York

2014 March Reading Monkey Metacognition from the Brain. Animal Cognition Workshop, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina

2012 April Consciousness, Attention, and Subjective Reports. (with comments by Carla Merino-Rajme & Carlos Montemayor) 5th Meeting of the American Association of Mexican Philosophers, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

2009 April The Nonconceptualist Meets the Animal Psychologist. 2nd Meeting of the American Association of Mexican Philosophers, CUNY, City College, New York


contributed conference & workshop presentations

2019 September Does the World Look Flat? Vision Science as Experimental Philosophy (with C. Firestone). Talk at the 27th Meeting of the European Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Athens, Greece

2019 July Does the World Look Flat? Vision Science as Experimental Philosophy. (with C. Firestone) 45th Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, University of California, San Diego, California

2019 July 'You're My Doctor?!': Social Stereotypes Impair Recognition of Incidental Visual Features (with A. Baker & C. Firestone). Poster presentation at the 45th Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, University of California, San Diego, California

         * best poster prize

2019 June Optimizing Matched-Performance, Different-Awareness Stimuli to Experimentally Isolate Awareness from Performance Confounds (with B. Maniscalco [presenter], O. Graham Castaneda, S. Rajananda, B. Odegaard & M. A. K. Peters). Poster at the 23rd Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, Western Ontario University, London, Canada

2019 May Does the World Look Flat?Sustained Representation of Perspectival Shapes (with C. Firestone). Talk at the 19th Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete's Beach, Florida

2019 May "You're My Doctor?!": Social Stereotypes Impair Recognition of Incidental Visual Features (with A. Baker [presenter] & C. Firestone). Poster at the 19th Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete's Beach, Florida

2017 June Introspection and Mental Strength. Talk at the 43rd Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, Maryland

2016 June Multivoxel Pattern Analysis Reveals Specific Metacognitive Content in Pre-Frontal Cortex (with H. Lau & S. Fleming). Talk at the 20th Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, Buenos Aires, Argentina

2016 April When Behavior is Not Enough: Reading Monkey Metacognition from the Brain. Poster presentation at the Rethinking the Taxonomy of PsychologyWorkshop, Western Ontario University, London, Canada

2014 April Controlling for Performance Capacity When Searching for the Neural Correlates of Consciousness. 30th Annual Boulder Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science: Neurons, Mechanisms, and the Mind, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

2014 June Metacognition and the Fate of Unattended Stimuli. Poster presentation at the 40th Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

2014 May Temporal Context Effect is Not Specific to Brightness (with J. Erb [presenter], C. Davies & H. Lau). Poster at the 14th Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete's Beach, Florida

2013 April Self-Deception, Epistemic Tension, and Self-Knowledge (with comments by Kathryn Pogin). Talk at the 4thNorthwestern/Notre Dame Epistemology Annual Conference, Notre Dame University, South Bend, Indiana

2012 April Probability Integration Effects of Attention: Anti-Bayesian Results. Talk at the 4th Interdisciplinary Graduate Conference on Consciousness, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts

2012 May Violation of Bayesian Cue Integration Principle Under Attentional Cueing (with D. Rahnev [presenter] & H. Lau). Poster at the 12th Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete's Beach, Florida

2010 June Animal Rationality: Negation and Representations of Absence. Talk at the 36thSociety for Philosophy and Psychology, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, Oregon

2010 January Animal Rationality and Proto-Logic: The Problem of Negation (with comments by Alvaro Peláez). Talk at the 15th International Conference ofthe Mexican Philosophical Association, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico

2009 April A Philosophical Case of Misuse of the Animal Psychology Literature. Poster presentation at the 16th Annual Animal Behavior Conference, CISAB / Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

2008 April Is Animal Perception a Buzzing Blooming Confusion? Talk at the 15th Annual Animal Behavior Conference. CISAB / Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

2008 June Against the Impossibility of Animal Perception in McDowell's Mind and World. Poster presentation at the 34thSociety for Philosophy and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


public engagements

2020 London-based artist Cathryn Shilling used the stimuli and fMRI images from my JNeuro metacognition paper with Fleming & Lau to create an art installation called “Metacognition in Glass”.

2017 January You Can Be in Pain Without Knowing It. Talk at The Night of Philosophy & Ideas, Brooklyn Library/French Embassy, New York


media coverage

My article "Sustained Representation of Perspectival Shape" published in PNAS in 2020 was covered in several media outlets:

2020 Interview about my work by Elizabeth Fernandez for her podcast Spark Dialogue (coming soon!)

2018 Interview about my work by Richard Brown for his YouTube series Consciousness Live! also available as a podcast


mentoring

2019 spring: Axel Bax (Sophomore), Johns Hopkins. Psychology project internship that resulted in a high-impact co-authored publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


teaching

2019 spring Independent study with a graduate student in philosophy at Rutgers University on Ancient Theories of the Mind: Aristotle's De Anima


Columbia University (Instructor)

2016-18 Columbia Journey Seminar, Columbia Undergraduate Scholars Program

    *including curriculum development

2017 summer Philosophy of Language & Mind

2016 summer Symbolic Logic


Columbia University (Teaching Assistant)

2016 spring Symbolic Logic (Achille Varzi)

2015 fall Methods and Problems of Philosophical Thought (David Albert)

2012 spring Methods and Problems of Philosophical Thought (Jessica Collins)

2011 fall Introduction to Logic (John Morrison)


Universidad Panamericana (Instructor)

2010 spring Philosophy of Perception, Senior Seminar (with L. X. López-Farjeat)

2006-2010 Introduction to Logic; Symbolic Logic; History of Civilization; Business Ethics for Engineers; History of Philosophy (Descartes to Kant & 20th century; online); Mind, Brains & Machines (online)

    *including curriculum development for all online History of Philosophy Courses and the Philosophy of Mind, Brains & Machines Course


service to the profession

ad hoc committees

2019 Templeton World Charity Foundation, Advisor for the Adversarial Collaboration Project "Empirically Testing First vs Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness", NYU, New York

ad hoc reviwer

Philosophy: Mind & Language, Philosophical Studies, Philosophy of Science, Inquiry, Philosophical Psychology, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Crítica, Revista de Filosofía, Tópicos, Ágora

Psychology & Neuroscience: eLife, Psychological Science, NeuroImage: Clinical, Scientific Reports, Neuroscience of Consciousness, Frontiers in Psychology, Revista de Psicología, Revista Argentina de Ciencias del Comportamiento

Conferences: Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Minds Online Conference, Columbia-NYU Philosophy Graduate Conference

leadership

2014-2015 President: American Association of Mexican Philosophers

comments & charing

2019 January Chair, "Symposium: Perceptual Processing and Perceptual Consciousness," Eastern APA, New York

2016 April On Mark Fortney's "Attention and the Structure of Action," Pacific APA, San Francisco, California

2015 March On Brandon Tinklenberg's "Predictive Coding and the Direction of Attentional Control," Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, New Orleans, Louisiana

2013 May On Fermin Fulda's "An Ecological Account of Natural Normativity," 6th Annual Conference of the American Association of Mexican Philosophers, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey

2013 April On Jack Marley-Payne's "Against Intellectualist Accounts of Belief," Columbia-NYU Graduate Conference, NYU, New York

2013 February On Matteo Grasso's "Integrated Information Theory and the Metaphysics of Consciousness," 5th Online Consciousness Conference

conference organization

2015 Minds Online Conference (Brains Blog). Coordinator of the "Perception & Consciousness" Session

2015 8th Annual Conference of the American Association of Mexican Philosophers, Columbia University, New York. Host/Organizer

2010 Latin American Association of Analytic Philosophy Meeting, UNAM, Mérida, Mexico. Assistant to the President and Student Coordinator

diversity and minorities empowerment

2013-2018 Minorities and Philosophy (MAP) Initiative, Columbia University. Mentor

coordination & administration

2013-2014 Visual Perception University Seminar, Columbia University. Rapporteur

2012-2014 Consciousness & Metacognition Lab, Psychology Department, Columbia University. Research Assistant Coordinator

2008 Crítica & Diánoia, Journals of Philosophy, Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, UNAM. Editorial Assistant


professional memberships

American Association of Philosophy (APA)

Society for Philosophy & Psychology (SPP)

European Society for Philosophy & Psychology (ESPP)

Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness (ASSC)

American Association of Mexican Philosophers (AAMP)

Vision Sciences Society (VSS)

Society for Neuroscience (SfN)


professional development

2019 & 2018 Trainee at Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy, Duke University

2019 Brainstorm Bootcamp – EEG Workshop, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

2018 Trainee at CIFAR Winter School on the Neuroscience of Consciousness, Montreal, Canada


languages & software

Spanish (native speaker), Italian (proficient)

Python, HTML/CSS/JavaScript, MATLAB, Blender


references

philosophy

John Morrison Department of Philosophy Columbia University / Barnard College jmorrison@barnard.edu

Christopher Peacocke Department of Philosophy Columbia University cp2161@columbia.edu

David Rosenthal Department of Philosophy & Cognitive Science Program The Graduate Center, CUNY davidrosenthal1@gmail.com

Wayne Wu Department of Philosophy & Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition Carnegie Mellon University waynewu@andrew.cmu.edu

psychology & cognitive neuroscience

Chaz Firestone Psychological & Brain Sciences Department Johns Hopkins University chaz@jhu.edu

Hakwan Lau Department of Psychology University of California, Los Angeles hlau@psych.ucla.edu

Stephen Fleming Wellcome Centre for Human Neuroimaging University College London stephen.fleming@ucl.ac.uk

teaching & curriculum development

Lavinia Lorch Senior Assistant Dean, Student Affairs Director, Columbia Undergraduate Scholars Program lel52@columbia.edu